Melt butter in a large Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Add broccoli, red bell pepper, onion, asparagus, and mushrooms. Cook until vegetables are getting soft stirring occasionally, about 5 minutes,
Add peas, corn, tomato, and garlic and cook another minute or two.
Add chicken broth, heavy cream, salt, pepper, and red pepper flakes. Bring to a boil and then add shrimp. Stir and simmer until shrimp are cooked through.
Stir in Parmesan cheese, basil, and pasta. Serve with additional Parmesan cheese.